CBD oil is cannabis oil from hemp

What is CBD oil?

CBD oil is simply medical cannabis without intoxicating effects. 

On this page you will find the answer to the following questions:


  • What exactly is CBD oil?
  • How is CBD oil made?
  • What is the purpose of CBD oil?
  • What does CBD oil contain?
  • What are the effects of CBD oil based on?
  • What does full spectrum CBD oil mean?
  • How to choose the CBD oil that suits you best?
  • How to ensure the safety and quality of CBD oil?

If you do not find the answer directly on this page or its links – you will get an expert answer immediately * by contacting our customer service.

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What exactly is CBD oil?

CBD oil is most often an oil blend made from industrial hemp (Cannabis Sativa L.), which is a mixture of a cannabinoid-containing oil extract and a carrier oil. Cannabinoid-containing oil extract, i.e. CBD oil extract, is mixed for dosing and absorption to facilitate various vegetable fats that act as a carrier for the active ingredients. CBD oil is sold in pipette bottles that make it easier to take suitable dosage sizes and is used in 1-12 drops at a time.

CBD oil can also be made from medicinal cannabis (Cannabis indica), but then it is a THC oil banned in Europe and Finland, which, as the name implies, contains more THC than CBD or other cannabinoids, such as CBG (cannabiger germ). . Some sites incorrectly use CBD oil as hemp oil.

CBD oil is not intoxicating at all, as it is produced in Europe from industrial fiber or oil hemp varieties with less than 0.2% THC, which produce more CBD and other cannabinoids than THC.

In most cases, CBD oils made from industrial hemp contain up to 0.1% THC as finished CBD products, ie practically no at all. CBD oil is also made completely THC-free, but the synergistic effects of cannabinoids, i.e. the full-spectrum effects, are lost. As a result, more players talk about their CBD oils as full-spectrum CBD products, although in many cases this is not entirely true.

CBD-öljy on teollisesta hampusta valmistettua CBD-öljyä

The most used carrier oils and what is good about each:

MCT oil: Neutral taste. Improves the absorption and shelf life of CBD oil
Hempseed oil Healthy omega 3, 6 and 9 fats and synergistic effects with CBD oil
Olive oil Healthy omega 9 fatty acids
CBD-öljy ei ole lainkaan päihdyttävää
CBD-öljyn valmistus

Making of CBD oil

CBD oil is produced by extracting hemp plant material, i.e., inflorescence and leaves. The two most widely used extraction methods in the world are butane extraction (BHO) and CO2 extraction, i.e. supercritical carbon dioxide extraction.

CBD-öljyn käyttötarkoitus

Purpose of CBD oil

CBD oil is consumed in drops. For this reason, the products are also referred to as “CBD drops”, which are intended to balance the body’s endocannabinoid system.

CBD-öljy sisältää

CBD oil content

CBD oil contains cannabinoids, terpenes and flavonoids found naturally in hemp. In addition, heavy metals and, depending on the quality of the manufacturing process, other impurities may be concentrated in the CBD oil. We recommend that you ensure that the CBD oil you use is edible.

How does CBD oil work?

CBD and other cannabinoids affect our body’s endocannabinoid system. The internal (endo) cannabinoid system is one of our body’s most extensive receptor systems and is responsible for basic functions such as relaxation, sleep, release, and protection.

The endocannabinoid system is thus like a bridge between body and mind. By understanding it, you can begin to see the mechanism that affects brain function, your physical health, and the treatment and prevention of disease. In short, the endocannabinoid system maintains the body’s homeostasis, i.e., balance.

CBD is currently, for good reason, the most talked about compound in the world and the fastest growing industry. The popularity of CBD oils and products is illustrated, for example, by the fact that large international pharmaceutical and soft drink companies are interested in producing their own CBD oils and products.


What is full spectrum CBD oil?


Full-spectrum CBD oil means that the product contains all the cannabinoids, terpenes and flavonoids naturally present in hemp, just as nature has designed it. More than 400 different compounds have been identified in hemp and cannabis. More than 113 different cannabinoids from hemp have been identified and isolated, of which CBD and THC are the best studied compounds. CBD and THC arise from CBG. In addition to cannabinoids, hemp contains well-known compounds from other herbs, such as terpenes and flavonoids, which together enhance the overall effect (Entourage effect).

The difference between hemp (Cannabis Sativa L.) and cannabis (Cannabis Indica), ie industrial fiber / oil hemp and medicinal cannabis, is that the dominant cannabinoid in hemp is CBD, ie hemp has more CBD relative to THC. Whereas cannabis has more THC relative to CBD. Due to CBD dominance, hemp is not intoxicating at all, as CBD with antipsychotic effects negates the intoxicating effects of THC.

“Naturally occurring cannabinoids, terpenes and flavonoids in hemp act together and individually, directly or indirectly, to balance the endocannabinoid system”

The role of the endocannabinoid system


Thus, the full spectrum of CBD oil gives you a richer rich effect than all the compounds naturally present in hemp, which produce the so-called Entourage Effect. In other words, full-spectrum CBD oil contains all the compounds naturally present in hemp.

The full spectrum is not a completely seamlessly studied thing, but the theory put forward by Ethan Russon for it – why some cannabinoids and terpenes work differently with other cannabinoids, with different concentrations. An example of this is that CBD and CBG have been found to prevent MRSA infection and how this may be even more effective when combined with anti-MRSA terpenes.


 Full spectrum contains: CBD, CBG, CBN, CBC, THC + other cannabinoids, terpenes and flavonoids
Board spectrum contains: CBD, CBG, CBN, CBC + other cannabinoids, terpenes and flavonoids
Isolate contains:  CBD

The variety (s) of hemp used in the manufacture of CBD oils has the greatest impact on the spectrum of different cannabinoids, terpenes and flavonoids ultimately obtained in the CBD oil itself.

How is CBD oil made?

CBD oil is produced by extracting hemp plant material, i.e., flowers and leaves. By extraction, the active compounds (cannabinoids and terpenes) in hemp leaves and inflorescences can be isolated from the plant material.

The most desirable compounds for CBD oil – cannabinoids and terpenes – are found in hemp inflorescences and leaves. There are almost no cannabinoids and terpenes in hemp stalks, so it does not make sense to extract CBD oil from stalks.

Depending on the extraction methods used, CBD oil extract may have different shapes and may meet different quality standards.

The two most commonly used extraction methods for the production of CBD oil are butane extraction (BHO extraction) and supercritical carbon dioxide extraction (CO2 extraction).

Fast and cheap but dangerous BHO (butane extraction)

BHO extraction, i.e. butane extraction, means that butane is used as the solvent.

It is one of many solvent-based extraction methods. The solvent removes trichomes from the plant material while retaining the flavors, aromas and active properties of that strain.

The plant material, i.e. hemp, is dissolved / washed with butane, whereby cannabinoids, terpenes, lipids and others are soluble in butane, detached from the plant material.

Further work is then required to remove the butane solvent from the final product. Butane leaching is a fast and inexpensive extraction method for making CBD oil and that is why many people use this method to make CBD oils at home.

However, butane extraction, or BHO extraction, has many disadvantages. The process is dangerous and even if all safety measures are taken, the end product obtained from it, i.e. butane-extracted CBD oil, has its own dangers.

It is not possible to completely remove butane from the extract by home use. This leaves butane in the final product, which can cause health problems in the body that you may not even be aware of.

So avoid home-made CBD oils, as well as those manufacturers that don’t transparently tell you what extraction method their CBD oils are made from. In butane extraction, the THC content also increases easily.


Best and safest but expensive CO2 (supercritical carbon dioxide extraction)

The best CBD oil is obtained by the CO2 extraction method because it is an environmentally friendly, gentle extraction method that extracts the most active compounds from the plant material.

CO2 extraction uses carbon dioxide to separate cannabinoids and terpenes from plant material. Carbon dioxide gas is converted to a liquid at the correct pressure, whereupon it acts as a solvent. CO2 extracted CBD oil is a clear, yellowish oil that is very pure.


CO2 extraction requires special equipment and amateurs cannot do it at home. For the CO2 extract, the gas is converted into a liquid to wash / dissolve the hemp inflorescences and leaves, i.e. the plant material. Carbon dioxide is easily removed from the final product by simply converting it back to gas.

The remaining liquid cannabis oil is completely pure and solvent-free. Different temperatures and pressure settings give different results, i.e. CBD oils of different colors and strengths. For example, the amount of chlorophyll, i.e. leaf green, in CBD oil can be reduced. Leafy green is healthy and thus good for humans, but makes CBD oil easily “strong” in taste.

CO2 extraction operates at lower temperatures than butane extraction, resulting in better preservation of cannabinoids and terpenes. In this way, it is also ensured that the CBD is not decarboxylated too much, i.e. converted into other cannabinoid compounds. This makes it easier to maintain the natural CBD content of the variety in question in relation to other cannabinoids.

Carbon capture is also better for the environment and can also be recycled, making CO2 extraction a more environmentally sustainable extraction method.

Because CO2 extraction is non-toxic, no toxins remain in the CO2-extracted CBD oil. Its only drawback is that it is an expensive and time consuming extraction method.

How to choose the CBD oil that suits you best?

There are many different types of CBD oils and CBD products on the market today and they are made for many different purposes. The quality and safety of the products is like a wild west. That is, you must and must be careful.

An easy and safe choice is at least Sana hemp juice products, which have time to become Finland’s most popular, ie best-selling CBD product family, because the Cannabis Sativa oil, tincture and other products have been sold the most in various health food stores all over Finland.

CBD and other cannabinoids affect our body’s endocannabinoid system. Crucial in choosing the CBD oil that works best for you is the need. For which ailment, or more precisely, for which ailments do you need the effects of CBD oil? The pain is experienced in the brain, so Cannabis Sativa oil is probably the most appropriate. Abdominal and intestinal problems, instead of CBD oil – CBD-A hemp juice capsules work most effectively. Inflammations and inflammatory pains are nasty and CBD-A tincture is the best help.


How to ensure the safety and quality of CBD oil?

Quality CBD oil meets the following criteria:

  1. CBD oil is produced by the CO2 extraction method
  2. CBD oil have been analyzed in the laboratory of the third-party
  3. CBD oil has been tested to be free of heavy metals
  4. CBD oil has been tested to be free of contaminants

    Be sure to check the following 6 things about CBD oil or the website that sells it:

1. Miten CBD-öljy on valmistettu?_CO2-uutto_vai_BHO

1. How is CBD oil made?

Is the product made by extraction?

  • CO2 extraction = subtle, safe and efficient
  • Butane extraction (BHO) = dangerous, harmful and toxic

If you are not sure whether CBD oil has been CO2 extracted – it may be butane extracted, allowing butane residues in the final product to be possible.

Is the product made by freeze-drying and freeze-drying?

  • Cold pressing and freeze-drying = are subtle methods that guarantee 100% safe and certainly natural full spectrum
  • NOTE! Cold pressed hemp oil does not contain cannabinoids (CBD, THC, etc.)


2. Onko CBD-pitoisuudet analysoitu kolmannen osapuolen toimesta?

2. Is the CBD concentrations analyzed by a third party?

  • If the analyzes are not visible, you cannot be sure of the concentrations of that CBD oil or the effectiveness of the product.
3. Onko CBD-öljystä tehty raskasmetallianalyysia?

3. Is there heavy metal analysis from CBD oil?

    • Heavy metals easily accumulate in products extracted / concentrated from plant material, so CBD oils and other CBD products should always be analyzed by third-party laboratory tests.


    • If no analyzes are available on the CBD oil sales website – the products may contain excessive levels of hazardous metals that are hazardous to health

4. Onko CBD-öljy analysoitu kontaminaatioiden osalta kolmannen osapuolen toimesta?

4. Is there a contamination analysis by a third party?

  • In the absence of contamination analyzes, you will not be able to use that CBD oil safely orally – because the CBD product has not been manufactured in accordance with food safety criteria.
5. Tarjoaako CBD-öljyn myyjä : sivusto sertifikaatteja tuotteistaan tai toiminnastaan?

5. Does the CBD oil seller / site provide certificates for its products or operations?

6. Kertooko CBD-öljyn myyjä tuotteidensa olevan rekisteröityjä jollakin muulla tavalla?

6. Whether the seller claims that his products are registered

  • Edible CBD oil and other CBD products cannot be registered in the European Union in any way, so if a site says CBD oils are registered, this is either invented in a marketing sense, or the product is a cosmetic or prescription drug.

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